Author guidelines

Scifoci is an open access and peer-reviewed scientific publisher, primarily serving to publish scientific research of various backgrounds. As a publisher, scifoci aims at providing a portfolio of peer-reviewed scientific findings and expanding scientific knowledge through diverse and inclusive open access journals. The fundamental purpose of scifoci is to make science easily accessible.

Types of article

The types of articles that scifoci accept include original research articles, review articles, mini reviews, short communications, case reports, and comments. The type of article depends on its contents/materials. The author has to inform the editorial board about the type of publishing article during its submission. The authors have to follow the writing guidelines of the journal while writing an article. All types of articles are peer-reviewed before publication.

Original research article

Original research article is the most common type of publication. It includes an abstract, keywords, introduction, methods, results, discussion, and a conclusion section. Results and discussion maybe written as one or separate section.

Review article

The review article includes up-to date information about the development / advancement / improvement in a specific area of research in a brief and understandable way. The information in a review article must not be limited to a specific research group or country but have to include research reports from all around the world. The review article should have the same structure as that of the original research article.
Review articles have a distinctive form with a logical sequence that makes them more flexible. The composition of systematic reviews can be identical to that of scientific papers, with a methodology section defining how information are collected from the literature.

Mini-review article

A mini-review article is similar in almost all aspects as a review article but shorter in size.
Short communications
Short communications are short reports based on experimental research. They include findings which need to be published on an urgent basis. The structure of short communications should be similar to the original research but shorter as the name indicates.

Commentary

Commentary is like a review article but briefer than review. Its goal is the advancement of research by commenting on a research topic from various perspectives. It is not as broad as a review paper but it does highlight the important research in a subject area.

Case report

A case report provides details about an uncommon or new medical case, it includes the symptoms, signs, diagnosis, and treatment of that specific medical condition. Before submission of a case report, permission must be taken from the patient presented in the paper.

Manuscripts contents
Title pages

Title page includes the title of the manuscript, name(s) of the author(s) followed by the author’s affiliations and the details, address and e-address of the corresponding author.
The authors should keep some rules in mind regarding the title of the publications. The title should be concise, informative and it should represent the main theme of the study. The title must be according to the results and conclusion. Authors can use commas, colons, dashes and specific nomenclature (scientific names must be written in Italics).
The author’s name and affiliations are presented after the title in order to recognize the true contributors of a research work. The author’s names and affiliations must be correct and should be written in full, like first name followed by middle and last name(s). The editor will contact the authors for confirmation of details about the authorship. Incorrect affiliations may be considered as fraud. All the stated authors must have participated significantly in the research of the manuscript and accepted its declaration. Authorship changes should be reported to the editorial team. Any submissions not approved by one of the authors will be rejected. The authors’ affiliations should be added with superscript numbers and listed below their names.

Corresponding author

The corresponding author will manage communications at all phases of refereeing and publication, as well as afterward. This role involves responding to any potential questions. It is necessary that the corresponding author’s e-mail address, current and permanent address are given and that his/her contact information is kept up to date. The corresponding author must be marked with an asterisk in the list and the details of corresponding author(s), contact and emails should be mentioned.

Equal contribution

The authors who have equally contributed to the research article should be marked with a superscript symbol on the name of equal authors in the author list.

Abstract

The abstract along with the title is the first part of the paper that appears to the readers. It must give them an impressive overview with the purpose to compelling them on reading the full paper. Abstract must be self-sufficient: it may be presented and read separately from the rest of the article. The abstract should comprise of a short summary of the complete paper and can be up to 250 words in length. Images or tables and citations must be avoided. The abbreviations used in the abstract should be defined in the abstract where it appears for the first time. The author should feel free to follow the structure of the paper (introduction, methods, results, discussion (or results and discussion), and conclusion) in the abstract providing the headings for each part.

Key words

The author should include 5 key words at the end of the abstract. These words should specifically highlight the central theme of the paper.

Headings and sections

The manuscript should be organized by providing headings and subheadings. The headings which are most suitable for the manuscript should be given to every section. The titles of headings for original research articles are clearly defined. The authors of other types of articles have more freedom in choosing headings. There is no numbering for headings or subheadings. Apart from short words in case of writing title, the first letter of each word should be capital. The short words include prepositions (after, before, though, under, etc). Binomial names of the species should not be capitalized (e.g., in Hyalomma anatolicum).
The original research should be organized in the order of the following sections.

Introduction

The introduction should be written in paragraphs without headings and subheadings. It should include the background information of the work done i.e. what is known and the gap of knowledge.

Materials and methods

The materials and methods should be presented in the headings and subheadings with details as per the research conducted. The procedures used in the research work should be explained in this section with references (if applicable). The new methods should be mentioned in detail. The study related to human or animal experimentations must include an ethical statement, document number, and details of the ethical committee approving the research.

Results | discussion

We encourage the authors to present results and discussion as a separate section, however, it is not mandatory. The results may be divided into headings and subheadings according to the study. The tables and figures should be provided as separate files and must be cited in the text, e.g., (Figure 1), (Table 1), etc.
The discussion should be in paragraphs and may not be divided into subheadings. It must focus on findings of the study related to the current work as well as with the previous one and should present the novelty and discoverability. It should explain and discuss the deficiencies and limitations, their study role in the current knowledge of the problem, opinions, suggestions, pitfalls, and recommendations.

Conclusion

This section includes in brief the outcomes of the research performed. The benefits and contributions of the work to the society, novelty, and discoverability of the study. Conclusion should not be repetitive of the discussion.
Supplementary information
In case of supplementary data, it should be submitted for review along with the initial article submission. Supplementary data should be cited in the main text as (S1, S2, and so on). Images, raw data traces, power point presentation, and other data that are not vital to the text but cannot be used in the article as they are too heavy or the existent format does not allow them (such as videos, apps, excel files, photographs, audio/ video files, and sound clips, raw data traces etc.) can be submitted as supplementary information during the submission process and should be shown in the published article. The information of the title page should not be mentioned in the supplementary files in order to prevent inconsistencies between the published article and the supplementary information.

Conflict of interest

The corresponding author should provide a conflict of interested statement. Authors whose names are listed in the submission are to certify that they have no financial interest in or with any organization, association, or agency (such as honoraria, educational grants, involvement in speaker bureaus, membership jobs, consultancy stock etc.). It is the accountability of the corresponding author to ensure that the co-authors declare their conflicts of interest. Declared conflicts of interest will be taken into account by the publisher and reviewers, and will be included in the final article.

Funding statement

Authors must disclose any current or recent funding (including article processing fees) as well as any other payments, products, or services that may affect their work. All the received support must be declared in the ‘Funding statement’.

References

When it comes to formatting the references, scifoci is flexible in the style for references but there should be consistency for citation inside the text and in the reference list. For example, citing inside the text, if it is once used as (Kanz et al. 2021) this format will be adopted thoroughly in the text. Same is for reference list. References in the list must be provided with Doi URLs.
Manuscripts discovered to contain citations whose aim is to increase the number of citations of research articles or a specific journal may face online warnings. Scifoci team does not require authors to provide references only to maximize the number of citations either to its own or any other journal.

Revision and resubmission

In the resubmission of a revised manuscript, the authors are advised to submit in “track changes”. Read the reviewers’ comments carefully to extract the revision recommendations. It can be a painstaking method to extract all the valuable feedback from the reviewers’ comments. During resubmission, a cover letter containing replies to the reviewers or editor(s) may be provided. Make a note of the persons who made each suggestion, such as reviewer #1,2 or 3, or the editor. All the suggestions made by the reviewers must be answered. React to each comment and explain what changes were made to your paper in the revised version. There may be ideas that you are not in agreement with. This is good, but if you choose not to make improvements based on a reviewer’s such recommendation, you must justify why. To enhance your analysis, the reviewer may recommend that you perform additional or alternative experiments. If you disagree, please let the reviewers know. It can be discouraging to receive significant recommendations for revisions from peer reviewers after months of hard work on your research paper. Do not be discouraged if the journal requests for rewriting and resubmitting your work. The fact that the editor has requested you for making improvements and resubmission your paper indicates that s\he believes your paper has the potential and can be published if the suggested changes are made.

Language style

The research article to be submitted to scifoci may be written in any English. The authors should provide translation to the text used in articles written in language other than English.

Format

The font to be used in your Microsoft word should be similar for all the text, especially if involve copy paste from different documents. Using font Times New Romans, 12 size and 1.5’ line spacing, A4 page and 2.0 cm on all sides of the page is a better option. There should be an appropriate order for page and line numbers to be easily understandable by the editor and reviewers. The headings should be bold. Fonts like symbol, wingdings, and web dings can be avoided. Authors can therefore, avoid using symbols as images, as this will make the format of final version difficult. Generally, bold fonts are not recommended. Bold fonts might be used in particular cases such as captions and subtitles. In chemistry, bold digits could be used to relate to molecules described in systems and in other similar examples if needed.

Abbreviations and symbols

In case abbreviations are used for the first time, the abbreviated phrases should be in full form followed by the abbreviations in small brackets, such as “Phosphate buffer saline (PBS)”. Some common abbreviations for instance PCR, needs no definitions. Mostly used non-standard abbreviations for phrases may be defined that are used frequently in an article, but do not define any abbreviation already defined.
It is to be noted that abbreviations used for the first time in abstract, main text and figures/ tables/scheme captions need to be defined separately in each of the above-mentioned sections. It is because some of our journals show only abstracts of the papers and you may search figures without the main text through the websites. Try to use minimum number of abbreviations in the manuscript. Non-standard abbreviations should be avoided.
Symbols can be used in the formulas, terms, programs, geometrical objects and algebraic objects such as polynomials, residue classes and basic number of domains etc. Any symbols (and the units in which they are measured) not previously specified in nomenclature should be clarified in all mathematical expressions and analyses.

Italic

The scientific names of organisms must be in talics with capitalized genus names and specie names without capitalization. Authors might use italicization for emphasizing certain words. It is not demanded to italicize words from other languages such as the Latin term “in vitro”. The complex words such as scientific name of a genus should be written full for the first time, and later on its first letter might be written in short form.

Paragraph and content

Scifoci is flexible for paragraph format, but English writing should be adopted. A single theme should be developed and included in each paragraph. The paragraphs should be self-contained, which means the previous paragraphs should not be connected with pronouns (it, she, he, or they). The recommended structure of a paragraph is the introduction of the main concept first, followed by the inclusion of additional relevant information, and finally the provision of conclusions or interpretations. If a paragraph does not present the main idea in the beginningt, there are chances of misunderstanding because this structure provides clarity to the readers. Every possible care should be taken to ensure the clarity of the message.

Units, equations and nomenclatures

The units used in the MS should be according to the standard international unit (SI units).
The recommended practice for the use of equation is to provide a citation. Lengthy equations could be shown as a block quote: a distinct section from of the rest of the text via an indent on each side. All the contents adapted from previous published or unpublished sources must be clearly stated and cited. Equations and formulas should be inserted in editable format. The chemical compound in the MS should use systematic nomenclature (IUPAC).

Footers

Most scifoci journals do not allow footnotes except for future journals related to humanities, business and economic sectors. Additional contents could be provided for explanation where footnotes are required. Details integral to the interpretation of the content must not be provided to the footnotes. Notes should not be used as a substitute for a bibliography.

Figures

Figures which do not comply with the regulations cause a major lag during the manufacturing process. Scifoci requires the submission of figures on a separate basis in the same order as indicated in the manuscript; at the end of this manuscript the figures are automatically integrated. Ensure that the contents and numerical order of each figure are stated. Panels can be properly mentioned using the marks (A), (B), (C), (D), etc. for figures of more than one section. A conscience label (including units) must be positioned along each axis for graphs. In case of using any software, the name should be mentioned along with the version number and URL. Figure split into segments should be highlighted with lower case, bold letter. The authors will determine the most desirable position of figures; as a result, they are encouraged not to strictly adhere to the above-mentioned guidelines.
Using citation thereafter the first time tables, figure, and schemes should be presented in text shortly. If possible, they must be included in the same section as the citation. Between the final publication and the author’s copy editing, there could be any adjustments in figure position. The relevant label, for instance “Figure 1.” should precede the subtitles. Figure titles should be placed at the end of the manuscript or inside the main text after it is cited.

Figures’ resolution and size

The size of all pictures must be 300 dpi. The production office may require, when accepted, high resolution files with atleast 300 dpi of the figures in PDF or TIF/TIFF formats. Verify your figure’s resolution by extending it to 150%. The resolution is too low when the image appears blurred, jagged or stair stepped. The text must be of high quality and should be readable(legible).
Figures and tables extracted from other sources
Authors are responsible to acquire license for publishing any figures that are published elsewhere or taken by professional photographers. The authors are responsible for obtaining licenses, regarding any reference, instructions sought by the stakeholders of third parties and covering any additional charges. Images downloaded from internet without any license should not be considered as part of the manuscript. All of the figures and tables, including republished, modified, partial and referenced, images from internet, shall be published under a Creative Commons CC-BY license and authorization to use copyrighted material from other sources must be acquired.

Chemical Structures

Chemical structures should be developed with Chem Draw or a similar program. Chemical compounds presented in the text will be assigned with a bold, Arabic number.

Tables

Tables in an editable format should be entered either at the end after references or inside the text of the manuscript. Before and after the table, a blank line should be left. The corresponding label, such as “Table 1,” should be preceded by the table title. Please make sure that the text and numerical order of each table is described.
Tables should exhibit new information rather than copying what is in the text.
It should be in editable form i.e. (word or text) and images should not be used.
It should be in content and mathematical order.
It should consider all statistical analysis of data and explain standard of error.

Contrast

Readers with low visual acuity or colour blindness may face problems in reading the text with a low background colour. Try to use the most contrasting colours.
Level AA, contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1
Level AAA, contrast ratio of at least 7:1

Using colours

Complicated items like diagrams and graphs can be difficult to read if only colour is used to differentiate between the data. In order to communicate information such as form, label, and dimension, try using other visual aspects. Do not use red or green markers, as majority of colour-blind individuals have a red-green visual impairment.

Data

Scifoci promotes and facilitates the sharing of data that strengthen a submitted research article, as well as the interlinking of the data with your published papers. Scifoci encourages the authors to share code, protocols, models, software, algorithms, processes, and other valuable materials related to the article to help with reproducibility and data reuse. The generated biological data such as DNA, RNA or protein sequences must be upload to relevant repositories such as NCBI and accession numbers should be provided in a submitted paper.

When to use mathematical environments

The structure of mathematical proofs presented in an article varies from paper to paper. A brief inspiration and introduction are generally accompanied by a sequence of logically argued results. These environments might be created by authors from any discipline. Authors from any discipline could theoretically construct these environments, it is recommended that they only be used for mathematics because readers from other background might be unfamiliar with the structure. For (mathematical) proofs of results, the ‘proof’ setting may be used. There is no need to clarify the result they are referring to if they immediately follow the result. If they appear later, the results and number should be referenced.

Numbers

Numbers should be written as digits. If there are five or more digits to the left of the decimal point, every three digits must be separated by a comma, such as 123,456 or 113,958.9476. Unless they are a measurement, numbers 0–9 should be written as words. For example, there are five birds, 5 km away from the city. If a sentence begins with a number it should always be written out completely i.e., 7 students are present in the hostel should be written as seven students are present in the hostel. However, rewording the sentence is often preferable.

Dates and times

There are several ways to write dates and times. Times and dates are written in word as well as in figure. Dates are written in many ways i.e. days of the specific month, month of year and year e.g. (DD -MM -YYYY). Times are written in several ways, i.e. 9:10 p.m. ten o’clock, 13:30 hrs.

Copyright statement 

After a paper has been accepted for publication, corresponding author will be requested to review ‘Publishing Agreement’. S/he will be contacted through email for confirmation of ‘Publishing Agreement’. Subscribers should print tables of contents or compile a list of papers with abstracts for internal dissemination. The Publisher’s permission is required for all other outside resale or distribution